Trane Technologies Plc (TT) Q3 2021 Earnings Call Transcript – The Motley Fool

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Trane Technologies Plc (NYSE:TT)
Q3 2021 Earnings Call
Nov 3, 2021, 10:00 a.m. ET

Contents:

  • Prepared Remarks
  • Questions and Answers
  • Call Participants

Prepared Remarks:

Operator

Good morning. Welcome to the Trane Technologies Q3 2021 Earnings Conference Call. My name is Paula, and I will be your conference operator for the call. The call will begin in a few moments with the speakers’ remarks and a Q&A session. [Operator Instructions]

I will now turn the call over to Zac Nagle, Vice President of Investor Relations. Please go ahead, sir.

Zachary NagleVice President of Investor Relations

Thanks, operator. Good morning, and thank you for joining us for Trane Technologies’ Third Quarter 2021 Earnings Conference Call. This call is being webcast on our website at tranetechnologies.com where you’ll find the accompanying presentation. We are also recording and archiving this call on our website. Please go to slide two. Statements made in today’s call that are not historical facts are considered forward-looking statements and are made pursuant to the safe harbor provisions of federal securities law. Please see our SEC filings for a description of some of the factors that may cause our actual results to differ materially from anticipated results. This presentation also includes non-GAAP measures, which are explained in the financial tables attached to our news release. Joining me on today’s call are Dave Regnery, CEO; and Chris Kuehn, Executive Vice President and CFO.

With that, I’ll turn the call over to Dave. Dave?

Dave RegneryChief Executive Officer

Thanks, Zac, and everyone, for joining us on today’s call. Let’s turn to slide number three. As we do each quarter, I’d like to spend a few minutes upfront on our focused sustainability strategy, the engine that enables us to deliver differentiated shareholder returns over time. Long-term sustainability megatrends continue to intensify, and our innovation leadership is transforming the climate industry as the world decarbonizes.

Our aggressive goals and bold actions can dramatically reduce carbon emissions and accelerate the world’s progress. This is more critical every day as the clock is ticking on climate change. That’s why we are calling for businesses and governments to take stronger action at COP26 and why we continue to set aggressive science-based emission reduction targets to push our innovation further and faster. That innovation also extends to emerging trends as we see heightened focus on indoor air quality and strong momentum in aging infrastructure in our schools.

We continue to make a difference consistently, relentlessly and over the long term. This unyielding approach drives market outgrowth over the long term, which in turn helps us drive strong margins and powerful free cash flow to deploy through our balanced capital allocation strategy. The end result is more value across the board for our customers, for our team, for our shareholders and for the planet. Moving to slide number four. Our global team delivered solid execution in the third quarter, and we continue to target top quartile EPS growth for 2021.

Bookings were once again exceptional in Q3, building on strong growth in both Q1 and Q2 and bringing our year-to-date organic bookings growth to over 25% for the enterprise. Underlying demand for our innovative products and services have never been stronger, and our Q3 ending backlog reflects this strength. In fact, Q3 ending backlog for the enterprise is up more than 70% or approximately $2 billion from year-end 2020 with all three of our business segments at record levels. Americas and EMEA have backlog that are up over 90% and 65%, respectively, from year-end 2020.

We’re well positioned to close out 2021 on a strong note and to enter 2022 with unprecedented levels of backlog as well. As we highlighted on our second quarter earnings call and in subsequent forums, global supply chains, logistics systems and labor markets remain tight, and inflation is persistent. Our global teams are focused on meeting the unique needs of our wide-ranging customer base and helping them solve complex challenges on a daily basis as we navigate a challenging yet positive demand and supply environment.

Temporary supply chain delays on key materials impacted portions of our product portfolio, shifting the timing of approximately $150 million or 4% of our revenue out of the third quarter and into future periods. Working closely with our key suppliers and with our customers, we anticipate that between $50 million and $75 million or roughly 2% of the Q3 impact will shift into the fourth quarter, leaving our 2021 revenue guidance unchanged. We expect the remaining balance to shift into 2022.

We also highlighted on our second quarter earnings call that persistent inflation would require us to execute an incremental $150 million in pricing actions in the second half of the year in order to neutralize the impact. Strong execution of our business operating system has enabled us to keep pace with the inflationary curve. In the third quarter, we realized approximately $150 million or 4.3% incremental price, offsetting approximately $150 million of inflation. Leverage was negligible as you would expect on flat volume.

While adjusted operating income was modestly higher in the quarter, primarily reflecting nominal pull-through on M&A and FX growth, consistent with our expectations and our guidance. We continue to execute the business transformation projects we discussed in detail at our Investor Day in December and are on track to deliver approximately $90 million of incremental savings in 2021. These savings support leading innovation across our end markets through relentless high levels of business reinvestment.

They also enable us to stay on track to deliver incremental margins of approximately 30% organic for fiscal 2021 despite persistent inflation, tight logistics systems and supply chain challenges. We’re also on track to deliver powerful free cash flow of equal to or greater than 100% of net earnings. This provides us with strong optionality to deploy significant cash to opportunities now and in the future, including M&A and share repurchases.

Lastly, we never lose sight of our long-term, purpose-driven strategy and the tremendous leadership role we can play in bending the curve on climate change. By changing the industry, we can change the world. Executing our purpose-driven strategy is how we will continue to deliver top-tier financial performance for our shareholders. Please turn to slide number five. While we’re still in the midst of our planning process for 2022 and anticipate providing guidance in conjunction with our fourth quarter earnings call, we thought it might be constructive to spend a few minutes discussing our initial thoughts on 2022 and some of the key dynamics we believe will be in play.

While this is not a comprehensive list, it will highlight some of the key reasons why we’re so excited about what the future holds for Trane Technologies as well as some of the key challenges we see on the road ahead. First, we expect to have strong fundamentals entering the year. Exiting Q3, backlog in our Americas and EMEA segments are both at unprecedented levels, up over 90% and up over 65% versus December of 2020, respectively.

Asia also has record backlog, up nearly 20%. If we very conservatively plot out bookings through the balance of 2021, we anticipate entering 2022 with at least 70% more backlog in the Americas and EMEA than we entered 2020. I’ve been in this business a long time, and I’ve never entered any year with a stronger backlog position, which bodes well for us in 2022. Another fundamental strength entering 2022 is the foundation of our business operating system. Strong execution of our business operating system has enabled us to stay ahead of the persistent inflation through 2021 and position us well to manage additional inflationary pressures and deliver strong price realization again in 2022.

And we’ll continue to drive transformation savings in 2022 that will support high levels of business reinvestment and continued innovation. These savings will also support healthy incremental margins in what we expect to be another year of tight conditions for supply chain, labor markets and logistics systems. Looking out to 2022, we also expect to see continued acceleration of the strong secular sustainability megatrends that are so tightly aligned with our purpose-driven business strategy.

Decarbonization of the built environment is accelerating. U.S. education stimulus dollars are being put to good use, upgrading our aging infrastructure. And momentum around indoor air quality upgrades, retrofits and new projects continues. Additionally, the global economy is expected to continue to recover in 2022 with solid underlying GDP and other economic indicators driving broader expansion in the nonresidential markets. Lastly, we’re excited about the future of transport refrigeration markets where ACT and IHS are plotting a steady growth path forward in both 2022 and 2023.

All in, we’re exceptionally well positioned for strong performance in 2022 and beyond. Please turn to slide number six. Customer demand for our innovative climate control products and services continues to grow. We delivered another quarter of robust organic bookings growth, up 20% with growth across all segments and business units. Customer demand has been high all year, with organic bookings up over 25% year-to-date, driving record backlog in each segment. Organic revenues were also up 4%, driven by continued strong price execution.

Our Americas commercial HVAC business delivered robust bookings growth in the quarter with orders up over 30%. Strength was broad-based with applied and unitary bookings both up more than 50% and service bookings up high teens. Demand for system-focused indoor air quality solutions remain strong and contributed to our mid-single-digit revenue growth in commercial HVAC Americas. The residential HVAC markets continue to be strong, and our residential team delivered low single-digit bookings growth, building on nearly 40% growth in the third quarter of 2020.

Revenues were flat in the quarter as demand outpaced supply. And we entered the fourth quarter with record backlog, up more than 150% year-over-year and up from prior record backlog at the end of the second quarter. With year-to-date organic bookings up over 80% and year-to-date organic revenue up over 30%, our Americas transport refrigeration business is significantly outperforming the North America transport markets. During the third quarter, with most of 2021 orders already in the backlog, we opened up our 2022 order book solely for the first quarter of 2022, which drove bookings growth of more than 20%.

We are methodically managing our 2022 order book in order to mitigate inflationary risks. Organic revenues were also strong, up low to mid-teens. Turning to EMEA. We continue to see strong demand for our innovative products and services that help reduce energy intensity and greenhouse gas emissions for our customers. Our EMEA teams delivered 25% organic bookings growth in the quarter with strong growth in both commercial HVAC and transport refrigeration. Revenues were also strong, up 8%, led by high-teens organic revenue growth in transport refrigeration. Our Asia Pacific team delivered bookings growth of 11%. Revenue grew 1% in the quarter. Though we saw growth in China during the quarter, the impacts of the COVID-19 pandemic continue to be challenging in the region with low vaccination rates in some countries.

Now I’d like to turn the call over to Chris. Chris?

Chris KuehnExecutive Vice President and Chief Financial Officer

Thanks, Dave. Please turn to slide number seven. Organic revenue growth in the quarter was driven by continued strong price execution, yielding 4.3% incremental price in the quarter. Price over material inflation was positive in the quarter and combined with mix offset the net impact of productivity over other inflation and increased investment spending to support leading innovation. Organic volume and, therefore, pull-through leverage was largely flat for the enterprise in the quarter.

At a high level, positive leverage was primarily the result of mix and a modest flow-through of M&A and FX, consistent with our guidance. Net adjusted EBITDA and operating margins declined by 70 and 60 basis points, respectively. Adjusted EPS grew 5%, driven primarily by higher adjusted operating income. Please turn to slide number eight. We discussed the key revenue and margin dynamics for the enterprise on the prior page. The dynamics impacting revenue and margins were similar across each of our business segments, as we’ve highlighted here, with strong price realization, productivity inflation and higher investments in innovation as consistent drivers.

In EMEA, solid price realization was accompanied by strong volume growth, delivering good leverage and margin expansion in the quarter. Both the Americas and Asia Pacific segments delivered higher revenues on modest volume declines impacting leverage. Asia Pacific also experienced price versus cost headwinds in the quarter, further impacting margins. We continue to expect Asia Pacific to deliver solid margin expansion for the full year and are pleased with our overall performance in the region.

Now I’d like to turn the call back over to Dave. Dave?

Dave RegneryChief Executive Officer

Thanks, Chris. Please turn to slide number nine. Commercial HVAC Americas has significantly outperformed the broader markets over a number of years through strong focus, agility and execution combined with relentless innovation for our customers. These defining characteristics compounded by the strength in the underlying market conditions power the business forward today, yielding bookings growth of over 30% in the quarter, an exceptional backlog entering Q4.

Bookings strength was universal across nearly every vertical market and major product category. End markets continue to improve. Vaccination rates are improving. And end market indicators are generally strong, with ABI over 50 since February and a healthy GDP. Data centers and warehouse demand remain strong. Education and healthcare end market demand is also growing. We’re benefiting from increased demand across our K-12 customers with federal stimulus funds supporting both current and more importantly, future growth.

We see this as a multiyear tailwind for our business given our strong position in the education market and our direct sales force with deep relationships in this vertical. Our residential end markets remain strong. As I mentioned previously, we delivered low single-digit bookings growth in the quarter, compounding on nearly 40% growth in the prior year. And we are entering the fourth quarter with unprecedented backlog. I’m proud of our residential team that has continued to meet customer demand while ramping capacity after our February weather event in our Texas facility.

The team delivered historically high revenues in Q3 and is on track for capacity expansion in advance of next year’s cooling season. Turning to Americas transport. We’re significantly outgrowing strong end markets in 2021. ACT market forecasts are projecting strong growth in 2022 and 2023 as well. I’ll talk more about the transport outlook in our topics of interest section. Turning to EMEA. Economic conditions are improving across the region.

We expect continued improvement for the remainder of the year with increased vaccination rates supporting the opening of an increased number and variety of venues. Transport markets have been strengthening throughout the year, and we’re on track to outperform end markets in 2021 as evidenced by our year-to-date performance. Turning to Asia. We expect growth in China in 2021, supported by increased vaccination rates and strength in data centers, electronics, pharmaceutical and healthcare. Outside of China, the picture is mixed, with vaccination and economic recovery rates still low in some countries.

Now I’d like to turn the call back over to Chris. Chris?

Chris KuehnExecutive Vice President and Chief Financial Officer

Thanks, Dave. Please turn to slide number 10. Given all the puts and takes we’ve discussed today, our guidance for 2021 is unchanged. Importantly, we continue to see our 2021 adjusted EPS growth guidance of more than 30% as top quartile among peers in the broader industrials. We’ve discussed the shift in revenues from Q3 into Q4 and 2022 throughout the call. Our fourth quarter revenues are supported by record backlog, and that backlog is firm. Supply chain, labor and logistics systems will continue to be challenging and are the limiting factor to potential upside, not demand or backlog.

We also continue to expect free cash flow to remain strong and equal to or greater than 100% of adjusted net income. Please go to slide number 11. As we outlined during our investor event in December, we’re on track to deliver $300 million of run rate savings by 2023, including $90 million in 2021. Importantly, we continue to invest these cost savings to further fuel innovation and other investments across the portfolio. This consistent investment strengthens our high-performance flywheel, which has a reinforcing and compounding effect over time. Please go to slide number 12.

We remain committed to our balanced capital allocation strategy that is focused on consistently deploying excess cash to opportunities with the highest returns for shareholders. First, we continue to strengthen our core business through relentless business reinvestment. Second, we’re committed to maintaining a strong balance sheet that provides us with continued optionality as our markets evolve. Third, we expect to consistently deploy 100% of excess cash over time, using a balanced approach that includes strategic M&A that further improves long-term shareholder returns and share repurchases as the stock trades below our calculated intrinsic value.

Please turn to slide 13, and I’ll provide an update on how we are deploying excess cash in 2021. Year-to-date, we have deployed $1.8 billion in cash, with approximately $1 billion to M&A and share repurchases, including $250 million for the Farrar Scientific life sciences acquisition we closed in October. We have paid $422 million in dividends and $425 million to pay down debt. Our strong free cash flow, liquidity and balance sheet continue to give us excellent capital allocation optionality and dry powder moving forward. We are on track to deploy at least $2.5 billion in excess cash in 2021.

Now I’d like to turn the call back over to Dave. Dave?

Dave RegneryChief Executive Officer

Thanks, Chris. Please go to slide number 15. I wanted to spend a couple of minutes providing an update on the transport refrigeration markets for 2021 as we’ve seen the forecast shift a fair amount since our second quarter earnings call. I think the primary takeaway this quarter is that ACT is projecting an extended and more gradual upturn in the North America transport refrigeration markets than initially projected. North America trailers is probably the clearest example and one of the most watched by investors and analysts as a proxy for the overall transport refrigeration health.

ACT started out the year projecting an almost immediate snapback in the North America trailer production in 2021, up 39%, off the lows of the pandemic in 2020. As trailer OEMs have had a challenging year producing enough trailers to meet the forecast, ACT has gradually pulled the forecast down and is now projecting a strong but more gradual improvement in 2021, up 18%, and continued improvement in production rates in both 2022 and 2023, up another 18% and 14%, respectively.

If you look at the all-in weighted average market forecast for North America transport refrigeration, 2021 is now expected to be up about 14% versus 24% projected in July. Year-to-date, our Thermo King Americas transport refrigeration business is up more than 30%, clearly outperforming the markets, and we expect to outperform the markets for the full year as well. Looking at IHS and other key indicators for EMEA markets, the outlook has improved about three points with the weighted average market growth now expected to be about 12% for 2021.

Year-to-date, our Thermo King EMEA business is up more than 20%, clearly outperforming the markets, and we expect outperformance for the full year 2021 as well. Please go to slide number 16. We added a second transport refrigeration slide to the deck this quarter to add more color around the North America trailer market from both backward- and forward-looking perspectives. One of the things we’ve talked about over the past several quarters is the North America trailer market has not been particularly volatile over the past several years, and it’s not projected to be particularly volatile over the ACT forecast horizon either.

On the left side of the page, you can see the visual depiction of what we’ve been describing. We chart ACT’s reported actual trailer units built going back to 2015 and ACT’s forecast for trailer builds through their forecast horizon of 2023. The 9-year average is in the mid-40,000 unit range with the pandemic in 2020 being the only significant outlier. We also see that good growth is projected in both 2022 and 2023. It’s important to note that our global transport refrigeration business is highly diversified. Trailer is an important part of the global mix at about 25% of the total.

However, we’re focused on strong execution across the transport refrigeration portfolio, which we believe will further help reduce variability of this business over time. Please go to slide number 17. 2021 is shaping up to be a strong year for us overall despite a number of macro challenges that we expect to continue over the near term. We’re seeing unprecedented levels of demand for our products and services across the board, and our backlog has never been stronger.

We’re executing our business operating system well and staying ahead of persistent inflation with strong price realization. And we expect to deliver top quartile EPS growth for the full year. Energy efficiency and sustainability megatrends are only growing stronger. We are uniquely positioned to deliver leading innovation that addresses these trends and accelerates the world’s progress, supported by a business transformation and our engaging uplifting culture.

We are proud to have been recognized by Forbes as one of the best employers for diversity and best employers for women and by Fortune as one of the best workplaces in manufacturing. It’s our people that power our innovation and bring our purpose to life every day. We have many reasons to be excited about our prospects for strong performance as we look to 2022 and beyond. When combined with our exceptional ability to generate free cash flow and our balanced capital deployment, we are well positioned to continue to drive differentiated shareholder returns over the long term.

And now we’d be happy to take your questions. Operator?

Questions and Answers:

Operator

[Operator Instructions] Your first question comes from the line of Joe Ritchie of Goldman Sachs.

Joe RitchieGoldman Sachs — Analyst

Thanks. Good morning, everyone.

Dave RegneryChief Executive Officer

Hey, Joe, how are you doing?

Chris KuehnExecutive Vice President and Chief Financial Officer

Good morning.

Joe RitchieGoldman Sachs — Analyst

Yes, doing great. So maybe just the first question on the supply chain, helpful to have kind of like that visibility on the revenues that pushed out from this quarter. I guess just any other color that you can provide? Is this predominantly occurring in your North America trailer business? And then just confidence that you’re going to be able to shift these revenues and not see sustained supply chain issues in the next few quarters?

Dave RegneryChief Executive Officer

Yes. Sure, Joe. Great question. Tight supply chain really globally. We talked about it during our second quarter earnings call. It caused us to push about $150 million of revenue out of the quarter as we said. We think we’ll get about $50 million to $75 million of that back in the fourth quarter. Our team is doing a great job of managing the supply chain constraints. We chose not to include a slide in our deck telling you the 50 things that we’re doing to manage our suppliers or help our suppliers.

But I could assure you that supply chain resiliency has been part of our business operating system for a long time. And I can assure you that Trane Technologies employees around the globe are working hand-in-hand with our suppliers ensuring that we could take literally pages out of our operating system and help them implement it. We think it’s going to be choppy for a while in the supply chain, at least for the foreseeable future. It’s a little bit — I think I mentioned in the second quarter call, it’s a little bit like when you were a kid, you played that game whack-a-mole where we fix one problem and another problem pops up.

But if you’re looking for overarching kind of like where we’re seeing constraints, I don’t think we’re — I know we’re not any different than what you probably already heard from the rest of the industrials that have reported. Electronics, resins, semiconductors, wire harnesses, these are all areas that, certainly at an overarching level, we’re seeing supply chain constraints. That said, just a couple of points I want to make. One is we’re working very closely with our customers.

It’s very important that in some cases, our customers are having supply chain constraints on the job sites, which is causing them to push out jobs. So we’re working with them to make sure that we could deliver a product when they need it. If you look at our Thermo King business, we’re really aligning with our customers there around build slots that they’re getting from the trailer OEMs, tractor suppliers. So this hand-in-hand relationship with the customer, it’s pretty dynamic right now. And then the last point I’d like to make, Joe, is that I know we talked a lot about supply chain constraints.

We also have to be fair to our suppliers. I know many of them are probably listening to the call or will read the transcript. We are putting tremendous pressure on our suppliers with the amount of demand that we’re seeing in the marketplace right now. If you look at our commercial HVAC business in the Americas, I mean, unitary and applied both are up over 50% incoming order rates in the third quarter. So with that kind of — you can imagine, we’re pushing that right out to our suppliers and putting orders on them. So they’re seeing some pretty big spikes that they’re having to manage through.

Your question on is there a particular business, it’s pretty widespread, more acute maybe in our Thermo King business. We had a couple of suppliers there that we’ve worked through some of the issues with. So we’re pretty confident that we’ll be able to rebound there in the fourth quarter. We’re also seeing — we’re seeing it across the globe. But the other business I would call out is probably our commercial HVAC business. Certainly there, the resin impact and kind of the knock-on effect that we’ve been seeing now for several quarters.

Joe RitchieGoldman Sachs — Analyst

Dave, that was helpful. And then maybe my one quick follow-up. One of your suppliers, just at their conference call about an hour ago, and they talked about the price/cost formula being roughly $100 million positive for them in 2022. You did a good job of pricing this quarter. I’m just curious, as you kind of think about 2022, should we be thinking about a positive price/cost environment given what you’re seeing in your cost growth today?

Chris KuehnExecutive Vice President and Chief Financial Officer

Joe, it’s Chris. I’ll take the question. So we are in the middle of our 2022 planning. Going into 2022 though, we would expect some carryover price from the three price increases most of our businesses have announced this year. We will start lapping price increases though, really starting in the first quarter of next year. But I would tell you, as part of our business operating system, we enter every year coming up with a plan of how we’re going to get about 20 to 30 basis points positive spread price cost. So more to come in a couple of months as we release guidance for next year. But we’re going to go in with the mentality that we’re going to cover price cost. But it’s also a very inflationary environment, which is why we’re really trying to size that for pricing increases if we need to going forward.

Dave RegneryChief Executive Officer

Yes. The only thing I would add to that, Joe, is that price is never easy to get despite what people may think. But when you have an innovative portfolio of products, it becomes that much easier. As you’re selling additional value to your customer, being able to get pricing, it becomes a little bit easier.

Joe RitchieGoldman Sachs — Analyst

Great. Thank you, both.

Operator

Your next question is from Scott Davis of Melius Research.

Scott DavisMelius Research — Analyst

Good morning guys.

Dave RegneryChief Executive Officer

Hey Scott, how are you doing?

Chris KuehnExecutive Vice President and Chief Financial Officer

Good morning.

Scott DavisMelius Research — Analyst

Good.I want to talk about IAQ, if that’s OK. And the two point tailwind that you noted in the slide is pretty material. And one, I want to just — can you give some color on the sustainability of that? How many years of project backlog you probably have where — does that 2% stay 2%? Does it become 3% this year? And any view around that? And then what does a systems-focused solution really mean for practical purposes for us at least? Does that mean a service contract with monitoring? I mean maybe just a little color around that, too.

Dave RegneryChief Executive Officer

Sure. Yes. It’s a good question. As far as the demand goes, we had said early on that we thought it would be 1% to 2% tailwind. We’re seeing 2% this year. Pipeline is strong. What started out to be strong in really just healthcare and education, we’re now seeing it in office and other verticals. So that’s the good news. And the other thing I would tell you that if you remember, we had an approach where we were doing indoor air quality audits where we would do a day one activity where we do the audit to make the environment as safe as possible today with existing assets.

And then we kind of give a road map as to how you would do day two activity. Those day two activities are really starting to come through for us, especially in the education with some stimulus funds flowing there. So that’s a good news story. As far as — we see indoor air quality as a megatrend that’s not going to go away. It’s top of mind. I mean Trane Technologies has always had a robust focus on indoor air quality. It was always big in the healthcare vertical. It’s now top-of-mind in all verticals. But we don’t see this stopping. We see people constantly asking about indoor air quality. I would tell you that we’re building it into our systems, which is kind of your second point, your second question there is. This is now integrated into a system, and we’re seeing nice traction there in all verticals.

Chris KuehnExecutive Vice President and Chief Financial Officer

What I’ll add, Scott, is because it is embedded in systems now, it is becoming harder and harder to kind of spike out the impact of indoor air quality separate from a systems order. I’ve offered Dave, we can hire a few more accountants to try to track those revenues in that level of detail. But I think the fact is it’s really becoming just a long-term tailwind for the company.

Dave RegneryChief Executive Officer

Yes. Just to add there, Scott, we’re really seeing a lot of traction, especially with our dry hydrogen peroxide solutions. And this is predominantly in the education vertical as we’re building this into the systems. And the dry hydrogen peroxide solution, the unique innovation there is that these molecules last longer. So if you think about a school room where you have students that are moving around to different classrooms on different desks, these molecules actually settle on the desk so they clean the air as well as the surface. And we’re getting a lot of traction around that.

Scott DavisMelius Research — Analyst

Thanks. I will pass it on. So thank you and good luck.

Dave RegneryChief Executive Officer

Thanks.

Operator

Your next question comes from Jeff Sprague of Vertical Research.

Jeff SpragueVertical Research — Analyst

Hey thank you. Good morning everyone.

Dave RegneryChief Executive Officer

Good morning Jeff.

Jeff SpragueVertical Research — Analyst

Hey good morning. I just wanted to follow up on backlog as it relates to price. And Dave, you mentioned open kind of — measuring how you open up your order book to not get caught here. To what extent do you have the ability or are you, in fact, going back and repricing some of the backlog? Or given the environment that we’re in, perhaps you’re changing commercial terms just to protect yourself better? If you take an order in the day and you’re delivering it 12 months from now, right, who knows what we’re dealing with on the inflation front. So just any color there on how you’re managing that, protecting yourself and maybe adding some flexibility to commercial terms.

Chris KuehnExecutive Vice President and Chief Financial Officer

Jeff, this is Chris. I’ll start and then Dave can jump in. If I go business by business, let me start with residential. Really, we have an ability this year to look at our backlog and reprice our backlog as we see higher inflation impacting orders that will ship now a couple of months out where the backlog in residential used to be a couple of weeks. Now we see it continue to be a couple of months out. We actually have repriced the backlog already in 2021.

But we’ve got that ability to reprice going forward should we see significantly more inflation. On the commercial HVAC side, when I think about long lead time equipment, those contracts generally have price escalation clauses in them that allows us to reset pricing based on an index. So we have some protection there as well. And then on Thermo King, to Dave’s remarks earlier, we’ve been really selective with opening up the order books for 2022.

We want to get as much insight as we can get on the inflationary environment through the third quarter of 2021. We’ve only had the first quarter of 2022 order book open. We’ve now recently opened up the 2022 order book for the balance of the year. And we did that intentionally to make sure we had the right [Indecipherable] increasing to reflect that in the backlog. So I think we’ve got resiliency there in backlog in terms of price and being able to keep off inflation.

Dave RegneryChief Executive Officer

The other thing I would add to that is, obviously, we’ve got pricing built in, we’ve got mechanisms in place. We also think that our backlog is very firm, OK? We’re not seeing cancellations of our backlog, and we don’t anticipate any cancellations for our backlog in the future.

Jeff SpragueVertical Research — Analyst

And then separately, just on resi. I don’t think you mentioned resi in terms of something you’re positive on in terms of your 2022 outlook. Obviously, we’ve got this question that everyone is asking and isn’t sure how to answer on how these comps play out and that sort of thing. Dave, what is your high-level view on how kind of the resi market behaves next year? And certainly, you might have a different view on how you behave inside that. But any perspective would be appreciated. And I’ll leave it there.

Dave RegneryChief Executive Officer

Yes. I mean we look at our resi business at a very high level as a GDP-plus business. So if you could tell us what GDP is, you could tell us what consumer confidence is, we could dial in with our residential business and how it’s going to perform. That said, obviously, we have detailed models that we go through, and it’s really just to validate our high-level approach. So GDP is projected to be positive next year, and we do not see the resi business falling off a cliff in 2022. We see a GDP-plus business.

Jeff SpragueVertical Research — Analyst

Great. Thank you.

Operator

Your next will come from Julian Mitchell with Barclays.

Julian MitchellBarclays — Analyst

Hi. Good morning. So just starting with price cost just to understand the sort of jumping off point into next year. I saw you said that you have $150 million of price in Q3, similar sort of cost step-up. Maybe just help us understand on those two numbers what should we expect for Q4. And then what’s the kind of total year 2021 for price and cost, please?

Chris KuehnExecutive Vice President and Chief Financial Officer

Julian, it’s Chris. Thanks for the question. Yes, we were really pleased with the price realization in the third quarter, 4.3% price realization and really equals the revenue growth we had in the third quarter as well as we were very flat on volumes. And for the quarter, Q3, we saw slightly positive price cost. When I think back a few years ago when we had our last inflationary environment, we were really trying to catch up on the price/cost equation.

I think it was about six quarters where the company was negative. Now we’re able to keep up with that at least through Q3 of this year. And really, that goes back to the business operating system we continue to enhance in the company. So slightly positive price cost in Q3. For Q4, I’m expecting price realization to get a little bit stronger, but I also can see inflation getting stronger in the fourth quarter as well. So we’re, right now, kind of expecting price cost to be flattish in the fourth quarter. And then we’ll see how this kind of plays out for 2022 where we’re always targeting 20 to 30 basis points of price over cost for a given year. But I’m expecting that to be flattish in the fourth quarter.

Dave RegneryChief Executive Officer

Julian, the only thing I would add to that is that the operating system, I don’t want to — don’t underestimate the amount of work we’ve put in to building our operating system to stay ahead of these inflationary curves. I mean as Chris said, it was — the last time we had this type of inflation, it took us several quarters to overcome it. And now we’re in the quarter being able to offset it. So we’re very proud of what we’ve been able to do there.

Julian MitchellBarclays — Analyst

That’s helpful. And then maybe just following up in terms of overall firmwide operating leverage. So it looks like I think in the fourth quarter, you’re looking for maybe sort of 20% also operating leverage year-on-year. Just wanted to check that’s roughly the right ballpark. And do you think that’s a good sort of entry point starting out next year given you’ve still got price/cost margin headwinds at least in the first quarter or two?

Dave RegneryChief Executive Officer

Yes. Julian, I think you’re in the ballpark for Q4. We left the full year guide intentionally intact given we can see the pushout of some revenues into the fourth quarter, the $50 million to $75 million. Really, from my perspective, our perspective, the backlog and the demand is very firm. It really comes down to supply chain, and that’s why we got to squiggle $6.05 on the full year from an EPS — adjusted EPS perspective. So could it be a little better? Could it be a little worse?

I think we’re right around that $6.05 based on how we see the supply chains today, but it’s really going to be dependent on that. But yes, you’re in the ballpark for fourth quarter. We’ll see how leverage kind of plays out for next year. I think we’re certainly expecting an inflationary environment next year. With pricing actions, we’ll need to continue to moderate that. But we’ll have more insight on that as we get into January.

Julian MitchellBarclays — Analyst

Great. Thank you.

Dave RegneryChief Executive Officer

Thank you.

Operator

Your next question comes from John Walsh of Credit Suisse.

John WalshCredit Suisse — Analyst

Hi, good morning.

Dave RegneryChief Executive Officer

Good morning John.

John WalshCredit Suisse — Analyst

Maybe piggybacking off of — I think it was Jeff’s question earlier. I think in your answer, it was mostly around the equipment. Wanted to hear a little bit about your ability to pass through inflation on your service contracts because, obviously, labor availability and I think the wage inflation is something we’re all expecting into next year. So do you have those same kind of ability to pass through those inflationary pressures there?

Dave RegneryChief Executive Officer

Good question. Yes, we do. Any kind of a long-term contract price escalation is built into it. So that’s taking into consideration we have our service agreements.

John WalshCredit Suisse — Analyst

Got you. And then maybe coming at the backlog and orders question a little differently here. 20% order growth, it’s not like you’re comping down 20%. You’re comping a plus 7%. So I mean how do we think about just the orders rate and if you think you can actually build backlog next year potentially. Obviously, I understand you’re not in the business of guiding orders, but it’s definitely a question we’re getting from investors here. So would appreciate any color.

Dave RegneryChief Executive Officer

Yes. I mean if you look at it, it’s really phenomenal what’s happening right now. I mean we had 30% order growth in the first quarter. We had 30% order growth in the second quarter. And here we are in the third quarter talking about 20%. And in some of our businesses, I call our commercial HVAC, I mean the equipment is up 50% there. So I don’t anticipate that bookings will continue at the 30% growth rates. But I would tell you that we’re seeing a lot of demand right now for our innovations in the marketplace, whether it be in the Thermo King business or in the commercial HVAC business.

That’s really driving a lot of this demand for us. And we also have these tailwinds behind us around sustainability and the decarbonization of the built environment that is only gaining momentum. So we like what we see here going into 2022. We’re going to have record backlogs. And we’ll see what 2022 is from an incoming order rates. But right now, we really like the position we have going in.

John WalshCredit Suisse — Analyst

Great. Thank you. I’ll pass it along.

Dave RegneryChief Executive Officer

Thanks.

Chris KuehnExecutive Vice President and Chief Financial Officer

Thanks.

Operator

Your next question comes from Andy Kaplowitz of Citigroup.

Andy KaplowitzCitigroup — Analyst

Hey good morning, guys.

Dave RegneryChief Executive Officer

Hi Andy. How are you doing?

Andy KaplowitzCitigroup — Analyst

Good. How are you? So EMEA continues to be a significant outperformer versus your other regions. Maybe you can give us a little more color into what’s going on there. How big has your heat pump business already become? Are products such as heat pumps and the Advancer just nicely accretive to margins that they’re helping? And how sustainable is that 30% incrementally you put up this quarter?

Dave RegneryChief Executive Officer

Yes. I mean innovation, you kind of hit on it, Andy. That’s what’s really driving us in EMEA. And it’s just such a great place to be. I mean the Advancer product in our Thermo King business, it’s exceeding our expectations. If you look at what we’ve been able to do with the electrification of heating in the HVAC business, again, it’s in tremendous demand, tremendous demand. So I don’t want to get into specifics as to how big we are and how large our market is there.

But I would tell you that it is propelling our growth. And we’re excited about what the pipeline looks like in the future. But — and rest assured, the innovations are continuing there. As we continue to look to expand the — what we call the operating maps of how our HVAC product works, we’re going for higher temperatures on the heating side and lower temperatures on the cooling side, which are only going to expand our market further.

Chris KuehnExecutive Vice President and Chief Financial Officer

I’ll add, Andy — sorry, on the incrementals, you had a question there. Look, we’ve set up each of the segments to really have over the long term 25% plus incremental. So we think Europe is well situated for that over the long run to deliver.

Andy KaplowitzCitigroup — Analyst

Very helpful, guys. And then maybe you can give us a little more color into what you’re seeing in Asia. You mentioned record backlog in the region. I did notice that your transport revenue turned down a bit. And pandemic does remain a challenge in the area. So are you seeing overall China hold up well? And how are you thinking about that region in ’22?

Dave RegneryChief Executive Officer

Yes. I mean Asia Pacific is about 10% of Trane Technologies. It’s an important region for us. We’ll talk about it in two different pieces, talk about China first. Obviously, GDP is pretty well documented. It has slowed a bit in the third quarter, at least versus expectations. I think it was 4.9%, and expectations were over 6%. So it is slowing a bit in China. I would tell you though, where it continues to grow, think about electronics, pharmaceutical, data centers, healthcare, are also verticals that we’re very strong in. So we’re seeing nice growth in China and we expect that to continue in the future. You get outside of China, it really becomes country specific. And unfortunately, we’re still having some countries that are going into different phases of lockdowns based on where the pandemic is. But it’s going to be a little bit mixed outside of China at least into the fourth quarter.

Andy KaplowitzCitigroup — Analyst

Appreciate it, guys.

Dave RegneryChief Executive Officer

Thanks, Andy.

Operator

Your next question comes from Steve Tusa of JPMorgan.

Steve TusaJPMorgan — Analyst

Hi, guys. Good morning.

Dave RegneryChief Executive Officer

Hi, Steve. How are you?

Chris KuehnExecutive Vice President and Chief Financial Officer

Good morning.

Steve TusaJPMorgan — Analyst

So where are you going to end on price and cost for the year now with this neutral back half-ish — neutral-ish back half? Like what was the first half pricing cost?

Dave RegneryChief Executive Officer

First half would have been positive but on much smaller numbers, Steve, right, just given the price has grown considerably from Q1 now to Q3. We’re expecting Q4 to be flattish price cost. In the full year, I think we’re probably around the flattish range, maybe it can be slightly positive. Our goal here is to keep driving the innovation and then driving the pricing to reflect what we think the inflation is going to be. So really happy where we are year-to-date on the price realization. Like I said before, it’s going to grow a bit in the fourth quarter. At the same time, we’re seeing inflation grow into the fourth quarter. And we’re really just trying to stay ahead of it. So I’m being flattish or slightly positive on the full year.

Chris KuehnExecutive Vice President and Chief Financial Officer

Yes. I mean, Steve, we’ve already had three price increases in many of our businesses. Then if we still see the inflation be persistent, I know the price increase would be part of our business operating system, and we would execute on that.

Steve TusaJPMorgan — Analyst

Right. I guess I’m just looking for the $150 million and the $150 million, what was that in the first half?

Dave RegneryChief Executive Officer

I don’t know if we’ve actually probably given that number. It would have probably been less than the $150 million would be my guess. But I’d have to go look at that.

Steve TusaJPMorgan — Analyst

Okay. And then on commercial equipment, you said orders up 50%. Can you just split those out between applied and then how did the light commercial kind of unitary business fair within that?

Dave RegneryChief Executive Officer

Yes. To be fair, Steve, it was more than 50%. And both our unitary and applied were both over 50%. So the light being part of that number was very strong, as you would imagine. So we have seen unbelievable amounts of growth in our commercial HVAC equipment business. And it’s actually, and I said it earlier, but it’s actually, to be fair to our suppliers, we’re putting that demand right on them. So it’s causing them to have to spike forward as well.

Steve TusaJPMorgan — Analyst

Yes, that’s very positive. And then one more for you. What was sell-through for your — what do you think movement was for your resi business, the stuff that you can sell to the customer? I think you’ve given that before.

Dave RegneryChief Executive Officer

Yes. On the IWD side, which again is about 50% of our business, sell-through was mid-single digits. Sell-in was flat. So obviously, their inventory adjusted as you would expect in a shoulder season. The next follow-on question there, Steve, would be what’s inventory level look like in the IWD space. It’s about what you would expect, maybe a bit lower than we would like at this time of the year, but it’s nothing to call out.

Chris KuehnExecutive Vice President and Chief Financial Officer

Steve, to your earlier question, just to follow up on that, for the first half kind of price for the enterprise, it was around 2.2%. So less than the $150 million we realized in Q3. We got a little less than that for the first half of the year. So that price has really ramped up from the first half to Q3, and we’re expecting that to be stronger even in Q4.

Steve TusaJPMorgan — Analyst

Yes. And cost? And cost? The $150 million cost?

Dave RegneryChief Executive Officer

Yes. I would say in the first half, it was positive. Again, it was less than $150 million, but positive in the first half. Slightly positive in Q3, and we’re expecting about flattish for Q4.

Steve TusaJPMorgan — Analyst

Okay. Thanks.

Dave RegneryChief Executive Officer

You’re welcome.

Operator

Your next question comes from Nigel Coe of Wolfe Research.

Nigel CoeWolfe Research — Analyst

Sorry. I was on mute, and I had a really funny joke, which I won’t repeat. But I was going to say let’s go back to that first price/cost question, but let’s not. But I do want to go back to the backlog because obviously, super hot, plus 70% in Americas. I’m just wondering if how does the aging of that backlog look? I mean do you expect the majority of that to convert in 2022 outside of supply chain pressures? And I guess my real question is, I know you’re not going to answer this explicitly, but we really haven’t grown higher than 8%, 9% in climate over time organically. And I’m just curious, could 2022 be above that bar? Just curious if that backlog converts.

Dave RegneryChief Executive Officer

Yes. As we said earlier, we’re still working through the 2022. But just talking about the backlog, I mean, you really need to — as far as when it burns, you really need to go through it by business. So if you think about our commercial HVAC business with applied orders, that backlog, when an order comes in, it could be a six to 9-month burn rate on those type orders before the actual ship. In the TK, it’s a little bit different this year than I’ve seen in other years.

We had a lot of customers place orders in the first quarter and kind of lay them in through the rest of the year. And the other complication with TK we’re seeing right now is, obviously, we’re working with our customers on their slots for trailers and tractors. So normally, the burn rate in TK would be two to three months. That’s been extended a little bit just because of the constraints associated with the actual building of a trailer. On the resi space, I mean, our backlog turns. I mean it’s turning on a regular basis. And overall, I mean, we have a very large backlog. We have order demand that is some of the best I’ve ever seen in my career. But understand, our backlog is not stale. It continues to churn, and we’re shipping out. We’re just getting order rates that we haven’t seen a very long time in this business that are continuing to build this backlog.

Nigel CoeWolfe Research — Analyst

Okay. I’ll leave that backlog question then. On price cost, you did call out APAC as challenging near term. And I think we’re all tuned into the fact that APAC over time has been a bit more challenging on price. So just curious, are we seeing some deflation in APAC? And any concerns as we go into 2022 around that region?

Chris KuehnExecutive Vice President and Chief Financial Officer

Yes. Nigel, I would say, yes, price cost right now is a little bit challenging in the near term. We’re really on track to having very strong full year margin expansion in the region. If I go back even just two years, kind of a two year stack, we’re up over 400 basis points in margin expansion in the region. To go back to when we invested in our direct sales force, it’s up over 500 basis points.

So the region has had some great growth being very selective around orders as well. I would tell you that we’ll continue to evaluate the pricing environment and make price increases where necessary. I’d be looking for that region like for the rest of the company to be getting price cost positive going into 2022. But near term, a little bit of challenges. It’s also a little bit of the law of small numbers for revenue or margin contraction in the quarter for Asia in Q3.

Nigel CoeWolfe Research — Analyst

Okay. Thanks a lot. That’s great. Thanks.

Chris KuehnExecutive Vice President and Chief Financial Officer

Thank you.

Operator

Your next question comes from Josh Pokrzywinski of Morgan Stanley.

Dave RegneryChief Executive Officer

Hey Josh. How are you doing?

Josh PokrzywinskiMorgan Stanley — Analyst

Thanks. So just on this commercial equipment growth, I mean, look, for what is historically kind of a replacement business and with a pretty massive installed base, like 50% is sort of an eye-popping number. Obviously, supply chain and bottlenecks are kind of everywhere. Like is there sufficient labor whether it’s in your own house or kind of out there in the independent world to actually install this stuff in a reasonable time frame? Or is that going to be sort of a gating factor on converting that backlog as well?

Dave RegneryChief Executive Officer

Yes. I mean as far as labor constraints in our own four walls, it’s really — we have seen some early in Q3. It subsided a bit as we moved through the quarter. We’re planning for it. It’s just a matter of how your training mechanism and hiring of new people. So that’s happening. On a job site basis, we have seen jobs push out, to your point, because of job site labor constraints. It’s not anything that I would spike out and say it’s super alarming, but it’s certainly there. And it’s not just in North America. It’s really on a global basis.

Josh PokrzywinskiMorgan Stanley — Analyst

Got it. And then on the missed revenue that you’re starting to make up in the fourth quarter, I mean, we’ve kind of heard similar metrics out of some other folks. But with the expectation that just we don’t miss any more revenue in 4Q, starting to make it up would imply that like not only your maybe some of the supply chain issues stabilizing, but starting to improve. Like I don’t want to put too many words in your mouth, but like would you characterize the last kind of 30 days or so as seeing some actual improvement rather than just stability?

Dave RegneryChief Executive Officer

Yes. I mean we had some acute supplier problems in our Thermo King business, and we’ve been able to overcome those. So we have line of sight to what we’re guiding to right now. That said, supply chain is very volatile right now, OK? It is the whack-a-mole game. So we fix one problem and then another one comes up.

But it’s really about staying on top of where you are, working with your customers, working with your suppliers, and it’s a lot about communication. And I would tell you that our operating system allows us to be working hand-in-hand with our suppliers to make sure they can meet the expectations that we’re seeing, which, again, is extremely robust right now.

Josh PokrzywinskiMorgan Stanley — Analyst

Great. Thanks. Good luck whacking those moles.

Operator

Your next question comes from Andrew Obin of Bank of America.

Andrew ObinBank of America — Analyst

Hi guys. good morning.

Dave RegneryChief Executive Officer

Hey Andrew, how are you?

Chris KuehnExecutive Vice President and Chief Financial Officer

Good morning.

Andrew ObinBank of America — Analyst

I’m good. Just a bit of a longer-term question. You’ve highlighted strength on institutional. And I think after the first wave of stimulus came in, I think education was very much highlighted as an area, air quality improvement, etc, which were going to benefit the industry. My understanding is that there is a time line on spending that money. I think you have to do it over three years. Can you just tell us what you have seen so far and how do you expect the spending to play out over this period of time in the institutional vertical? And as I said, specific for education?

Dave RegneryChief Executive Officer

Yes. We’re seeing funds flow, which is a good thing. 2024 is the date when it has to be spent. That may — that’s the date right now. That may get pushed out, obviously. You got to think about — any work you’re going to do on a school, you’re going to do when students aren’t there. So it tends to become a “season” to do school work. But funds are flowing. The Elementary and Secondary School Relief — Emergency Relief or ESSER as they have it, it’s flowing from the states down to the local levels. And we’re seeing really, really good traction where we did a Phase one indoor air quality audit. We gave our customer a road map for the future. They’re now executing to many of those road maps with upgrades in their facility.

Andrew ObinBank of America — Analyst

Got you. And just a longer-term question on residential as well. You sort of highlighted that it’s a GDP-plus business. But how should we think about ’21 fitting into the overall sort of length of the cycle, right? Do you think there was any pull-forward? Or do you think just thinking out in the next several years, as I said, it just continues to be positive in ’22, positive in ’23 and it just keeps going until consumer gets tired? Just maybe the broader shape, longer-term shape of the resi cycles as you think about it, particularly after a strong ’21.

Dave RegneryChief Executive Officer

Well, hopefully, the consumer doesn’t get tired. But I’m not sure the historical models on the cycles are — have played out in the — certainly in the past. Again, we look at it as a GDP-plus business. We have models that will go through replacement cycles and use of units, etc. And we have a lot of data under that. But at the end of the day, if you think about it as a GDP-plus business, you think about consumer confidence, that’s what drives that market. And we’re very happy with the performance that we had this year and GDP will be positive in 2022.

Andrew ObinBank of America — Analyst

Great answer. Appreciate it. Thanks a lot.

Operator

Your next question comes from Deane Dray of RBC Capital Markets.

Deane DrayRBC Capital Markets — Analyst

Thank you. Good morning, everyone.

Dave RegneryChief Executive Officer

Hi, Deane. How are you? Good morning.

Deane DrayRBC Capital Markets — Analyst

Very well. Thank you. Just a question about your capex plans. And we’re hearing from some companies who just are not able to get projects done also a consequence of supply chain, labor constraints and so forth. But you as a customer, is — are you seeing any of that? And how is that factored into capex planning for ’21 and ’22?

Dave RegneryChief Executive Officer

Yes. We have several upgrades that we’re doing. It’s really continuous as we continue to upgrade our lines. We’ve seen some push out, but nothing that we can’t manage. And I’d add that we’re still tracking, again, that 1% to 2%, probably closer to 2% this year spend on capital as a percent of revenue. But with enough advanced notice and ordering within lead times, we’ve been able to try to mitigate some of that supply chain pressure.

Deane DrayRBC Capital Markets — Analyst

Got it. And then just a quick follow-up question on the whole whack-a-mole phenomenon. Is — are you doing much in the way of partial assemblies at your manufacturing plants? You’re waiting for a component, and so this would imply you’ve got — you’re actually spending on work-in-progress inventory. And then when that product does come in, you ship them out. If it follows through to the subsequent quarter, that’s actually a higher-margin shipment since you’ve already expensed some of that. How does that factor into your planning right now? Are you doing partial assemblies and so forth?

Dave RegneryChief Executive Officer

The answer to partial assemblies is yes. We could have you come work for us in operations because that’s obvious as we’re waiting for some components. In some cases, you could do a partial. In some cases, you cannot. But as far as the revenue recognition of the cost, Chris, I don’t know if you want to handle it, but the answer is no, but…

Chris KuehnExecutive Vice President and Chief Financial Officer

Yes. No, I think if we’ve got a partial assembly, we can’t recognize the revenue. We’re capturing all the costs associated with it. It stays in inventory until we can ultimately recognize the revenue the following quarter. We’re adding the components we need to in that partial assembly to make it full, and then that’s when the full cost gets expensed.

Deane DrayRBC Capital Markets — Analyst

Okay. That’s real helpful. Thank you.

Dave RegneryChief Executive Officer

You’re welcome.

Operator

Your final question comes from Stephen Volkmann of Jefferies.

Stephen VolkmannJefferies — Analyst

Great. Thanks guys for squeezing me in. Most of my questions have been answered, but maybe kind of a big-picture question for you, Dave. I’m wondering sort of the old model that we had in this industry of trying to keep inventories as lean as possible and so forth kind of worked well for a slower growth environment. But it feels like we’re sort of transitioning into something better than that. So I wonder, do you need some more capacity? Does it makes sense to layer in some more inventory on a sort of structural basis to deal with a stronger growth environment?

Dave RegneryChief Executive Officer

Yes. It is an excellent question. And obviously, we pride ourselves in being a lean company. And maybe that’s why we were out talking about supply chain choppiness in the second quarter ahead of many others because we saw it in our planning horizons. That said, I mean, we have capacity for sure. But the inventory investment is something that we’re working with internally. And inventory, you don’t think of it necessarily as finished goods, maybe you would in the res business. But in our commercial business, it’s really at the raw level where you’re able to convert it more easily into WIP and then finished goods.

Stephen VolkmannJefferies — Analyst

Super. Great. And then just anything else that you’ve thought about over the last few months as you’ve taken on this role that might differentiate you a little bit from your predecessor?

Dave RegneryChief Executive Officer

Yes. It’s been — I don’t know, it’s been 150 days. It feels like forever. But this is just such a great company, Trane Technologies. And we have — and we’re a part of such a great industry. So I mean I couldn’t be prouder to be the CEO of Trane Technologies. We’re talking — I’m talking next week at COP26, talking about waiting for the next great invention to start decarbonizing the world. These inventions already exist today. So I’m excited to do that.

And then the only thing I would add is we just completed our employee engagement survey. And here we are. I don’t even know how many years it is, but top decile performance for engagement is our culture that differentiates us. And I’m not sure that’s going to differentiate between me and Mike, but it is really our culture and how much pride we take into building a strong culture. So Trane Technologies is in a great place today, and it’s — we’re headed in an even better place in the future. But thanks for the question.

Stephen VolkmannJefferies — Analyst

Great. I appreciate it. All the best.

Dave RegneryChief Executive Officer

Thank you.

Operator

This concludes the question-and-answer session for today’s call. I will now turn the floor back over to Zac Nagle for any additional or closing remarks.

Zachary NagleVice President of Investor Relations

Thanks, all. I’d like to thank everyone for joining today’s call. As always, we’ll be available in the coming days and weeks to answer any questions that you may have. And hopefully, we’ll see you in person and on the road in the not-too-distant future. Have a great day. Thanks.

Operator

[Operator Closing Remarks]

Duration: 70 minutes

Call participants:

Zachary NagleVice President of Investor Relations

Dave RegneryChief Executive Officer

Chris KuehnExecutive Vice President and Chief Financial Officer

Joe RitchieGoldman Sachs — Analyst

Scott DavisMelius Research — Analyst

Jeff SpragueVertical Research — Analyst

Julian MitchellBarclays — Analyst

John WalshCredit Suisse — Analyst

Andy KaplowitzCitigroup — Analyst

Steve TusaJPMorgan — Analyst

Nigel CoeWolfe Research — Analyst

Josh PokrzywinskiMorgan Stanley — Analyst

Andrew ObinBank of America — Analyst

Deane DrayRBC Capital Markets — Analyst

Stephen VolkmannJefferies — Analyst

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