Artificial intelligence can be key to reducing sitting and promoting healthy aging –

Graduate student Diego Arguello is working on a study funded by the National Institute on Aging to help improve and maintain physical activity and fitness in older people using AI. Credits: Matthew Modoono / Northeastern University

We all know that sitting for long periods of time affects our health and well-being, but it is not a beneficial method.

That’s why researchers in the northeast are studying ways to reduce the amount of time people sit and increase their movements all day long.Diego Arguello, a PhD student working at Northeastern University’s Institute of Exercise Science, is man-made and funded by the National Institute on Aging. Supporting the fight against the epidemic of settling in modern life associated with premature death, ..

The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention has remained relatively unchanged since it began issuing exercise guidelines to help Americans stay healthy more than a decade ago. Perform “moderate to intense” intensity structured exercise 5 days a week for about 30 minutes. Argero says.

“It’s a kind of generic formula for the prevention of chronic diseases and healthy aging,” he says.

Since then, new guidance has begun to warn of the long-term health effects of regular and long sitting, driving a wave of research investigating the harmful effects of this daily activity.

Arguello adheres to the CDC’s daily exercise recommendations, but says that even people who sit long during the day meet the recommendations and are at higher risk of illness than those who sit.

The problem, he says, is that he doesn’t have a prescription for sitting yet.

Prior to launching the trial, Argelo and other Northeastern researchers conducted separate trials testing sitstands and treadmill desks at the Massachusetts General Hospital administration office. The results helped inform some of the goals of the ongoing trial.

“I’ve found that I can make changes to someone in the office to signal them to divide their sitting time, but if they don’t have that motivation, or if they say coaching in the middle, it tends to fall.” He says. “Then suddenly they returned to their old habits.”

This group’s approach is to motivate and help participants remove barriers to participating in any physical activity throughout the day. This can mean more frequent breaks, including a few minutes of squats on your workstation, stretching, a short walk outside, or getting out of your chair and moving around.

This study focuses on adults over the age of 60.

One of the common misconceptions about achieving optimal health and fitness is the need for a gym or structured time commitment. Another misconception: You need a 6-pack build to protect yourself from chronic illness. Third: You’re not doing it right unless you hurt.

“What I want to convey to the subject is not to think. Or exercise as this formal one you have to plan for. You don’t have to plan the time of day for long walks, biking or swimming to be physically active. “

That’s where technology and AI come in. Researchers use motion-detecting accelerometers to remotely monitor a participant’s activity and measure how active the participant is throughout the day. Devices like Fitbit were developed using proprietary algorithms by researchers at Northeastern University’s mHealth Group and Bouvé College of Health Sciences.

Sensors worn by participants on their wrists provide Arguello motion data that indicates specific behaviors such as sitting, walking, standing, cycling, and sleeping.

Arguello and his team then help participants check in all day to achieve fitness goals defined by steps and other personalized metrics. These conversations are an important part of Algero’s work to socialize the process of becoming more active throughout the day and to give individuals more control over their physical and mental well-being.

Health and wellness tool automation is already on track and is virtually a unique industry, Algero said. From guided meditation to near-accurate biometric measurements of a variety of physical functions, it’s a flood of smartphone applications that offer everything.

But without “human reasoning and troubleshooting” to supplement the work of AI, Arguello says that some of the behavioral changes seen among study participants are impossible.

“People are telling us that they are learning a lot about how to be physically active and how to incorporate (exercise) into their lives in ways they never imagined,” says Arguello.

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Artificial intelligence can be key to reducing sitting and promoting healthy aging

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